The CoronaVirus: What We Know Now

Claire T.

The Novel CoronaVirus is defined by the  CDC as “a new CoronaVirus that has not been previously identified. The virus causing CoronaVirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), is not the same as the coronaviruses that commonly circulate among humans and cause mild illness, like the common cold.” CoronaVirus is a broad term and there is a large family of these viruses. Some affect humans alone. Certain viruses affect just animals while others mutate from animal to human. Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) are two other examples of CoronaViruses that originated from animals and then spread to people, like COVID-19. 


The first case of the virus was detected in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China. The virus is linked to a live animal market, but there is much debate about what animal spread the virus to humans. COVID-19 has been spreading from human to human, and is something called a community spread. According to the CDC, “community spread means people have been infected with the virus in an area, including some who are not sure how or where they became infected.” The best course of action so far has been quarantining people who present symptoms of CoronaVirus because this slows down community spread. There has been no evidence of CoronaVirus spreading through food at this time, but it is important to make sure food is cooked all the way and prepared hygienically.

A doctor who works at Shenzhen hospital has been transferred to Wuhan to study the CoronaVirus. Here are his findings from the research that has been conducted: 

“If you have a runny nose and congestion with a cold, it is not the Coronavirus, because the symptoms resulting from the CoronaVirus are a dry cough and no runny nose.  This is the best way to diagnose the CoronaVirus. Tell your friends that knowing more of the medical knowledge about the virus will help you identify it and also how to avoid it. As of now, the Wuhan virus is not resistant to heat and is killed at a temperature of 26-27 degrees C (78-80 degrees F) . So, drink a lot more hot water. You can tell your friends and relatives to drink more hot beverages to ward off the virus.  Sit out in the sun. Given the recent cold weather, drinking hot water is very comforting. Even if it doesn’t kill the virus, it’s good for your body and heat kills all viruses.” Below is his medical advice concerning the CoronaVirus.

  1. The virus is rather big (the cell has a diameter of 400-500nm) therefore any regular mask (not only the N95 function) should be able to filter the virus.  Nevertheless, when someone who is infected sneezes in front of you, it would take 3 meters (10 feet) before the molecule lands on a surface and is no longer airborne.
  2. When the virus lands on a metal surface, it will live for at least 12 hours. So, remember that whenever you are in contact with any metal surface, wash your hands carefully with soap.
  3. The virus can live on fabric for 6-12 hours.  Regular laundry detergent should kill the virus. For winter clothing that doesn’t get washed frequently, it should be enough to put your clothes in the sun to kill the virus. 

Information about the symptoms of the pneumonia caused by the CoronaVirus:

  1. The first place to become infected is the throat, resulting in a sore/dry throat for about 3 or 4 days.
  2. Subsequently, the virus  in the nasal drip in the trachea enters the lungs, causing inflammation.  This process takes from 5-6 days.
  3. With the inflamed lungs comes a fever and difficulty breathing.  Nasal congestion with the CoronaVirus isn’t normal nasal congestion. You’ll feel like you’re drowning. It’s important to seek immediate medical attention if you have these symptoms.


  1. The most common path to infection is touching things in public, so it’s important to wash your hands frequently.  The virus can live on your hands for only 5-10 minutes, but lots can happen in that time (you can rub your eye, or wipe your nose unconsciously.)
  2. Besides washing your hands often, you can gargle with Betadine-Sore Throat to eliminate or minimize germs while they’re still in your throat (before they drip into your lungs). Pay careful attention to your symptoms and drink a lot of water.

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